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Protocell Tech, Limestone and the Future of Architecture






by Bea Kylene Jumarang These days, words like protocell belong in biology laboratories. Even words like carbon cycle confuse the majority of people. Still, you may be asking, why is protocell being described in relation to architecture? In biology, and as Biology-Online puts it, a protocell is a large, ordered structure enclosed by a membrane, [...]

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Tree Rings: A Type of Weather Data






By Penny Paugh Trees grow on every continent except Antarctica, and the rings they contain embody a record of climate change going back thousands of years.  Each ring represents a single year’s growth, so not only can a ring count tell us how old a tree is, but they can also help reconstruct climatic history [...]

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Galápagos: A Living Ecological Lab






By Penny Paugh The Galápagos Islands off the western coast of South America are renowned as an evolutionary and ecological living laboratory. These Pacific islands can serve as a barometer to gauge how climate and ecosystems interact, and provide a unique window into the relationship between mankind’s rapid development and a continuously changing environment. The [...]

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